About the Collection
A gramophone record (also phonograph record, or simply record) is an analogue sound recording medium consisting of a flat disc with an inscribed modulated spiral groove starting near the periphery and ending near the center of the disc. Gramophone records were the primary medium used for commercial music reproduction for most of the 20th century. They replaced the phonograph cylinder.
The terms LP record (LP, 33, or 33-1/3 rpm record), EP, 16-2/3 rpm record (16), 45 rpm record (45), and 78 rpm record (78) each refer to specific types of gramophone records. Except for the LP and EP (which are contractions of Long Play and Extended Play respectively), these type designations refer to their rotational speeds in revolutions per minute (RPM). LPs, 45s, and 16s are usually made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), and hence may be referred to as vinyl records or simply vinyl.
Prior to 1930, a number of proprietary formats existed, with recordings made at speeds anywhere from 60 to 130 RPM (although most were between 72 and 82 rpm). Even 78 RPM was not initially a worldwide standard, as American records were recorded at 78.26 rpm and European records were recorded at 77.92 rpm.
--from Wikipedia entries:
Unusual gramophone records
Acknowledgements & Related Sites
Mahalo to the experienced and dedicated staff of Sinclair Library Audio-Visual Center, the Hamilton Library Hawaiian Collection and Desktop Network Services
AMG All Music Guide
Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project, Univ. of Calif. Santa Barbara Library
Guide to the Huapala Collection, circa 1930 - 1970
Hapa Haole Songs
Hawaiian and Hawaiian Guitar Records 1891-1960 by Malcolm T. Rockwell
Hawaiian Music and Hula Bibliography of Printed Sources by Amy Ku'uleialoha Stillman
Hawaiian Music Hall of Fame and Museum
Hawaiian Steel Guitar Association
Huapala: Hawaiian Music and Hula Archives
Hula Preservation Society: Chants
Island Music Source Book
Library of Congress Jukebox